An exploration company is a company which’s goal is to locate new mineral deposits. They are typically privately owned and operated through venture capitalists and individual investors. They employ surveyors, engineers and cartographers in order to find mining areas. Exploration companies can expand rapidly once they discover a massive mineral reserve. They also have access to capital in order to grow their business.
Mineral exploration firms tend to be smalland medium-sized enterprises with annual revenue below $10 million. These companies are largely privately owned and don’t trade stocks on exchanges. Information about them is thus less readily available than other corporations. However, there are some publicly traded exploration companies.
Because it starts production only once new projects are identified and implemented Mineral exploration is a niche in the economy. Therefore, unlike traditional service or manufacturing industries which produce their goods on an ongoing basis Mineral companies manufacture their products in bursts.
Exploration company profits are highly susceptible to fluctuations in commodity prices due the industry’s cyclical nature. The prices of commodities can be highly unpredictable and fluctuate all through the year as they are affected by various factors such as Chinese economic expansion, weather conditions that alter crop yields, and demand for petroleum products to transport.
Exploration companies’ revenue can vary greatly between years due to fluctuations in the cost of commodities.
During periods of large demand for natural resources, exploration companies are usually in need of capital, as they are able to make significant expenditures, but they only have seasonal revenue. Venture capital is much more prevalent during these times, which can assist in keeping exploration firms afloat while commodity prices rise.
The majority of exploration companies aren’t listed on the stock exchange due to their industry nature.
The Mineral Exploration industry is closely associated with other resource-based industries such as oil & gas production, coal mining, and metals & mining. The majority of companies involved in mineral exploration also manufacture in other segments of the resource.
Diversification allows companies to lower their exposure to fluctuating commodity prices as they are not dependent only on one kind of resource. But, the distinction between minerals usually is based on speculative-grade or inferred resources, which implies that there hasn’t been any drilling to date.
Many companies require additional exploration to convert speculative grades or inferred resources to indicated and measured reserves or resources and reserves, both of which are vital for mining. These types of work are often conducted by junior exploration firms which specialize in early stage mineral exploration.
Exploring for mineral resources requires significant upfront capital expenses that can be extremely risky for exploration businesses. There is no guarantee that they will find valuable minerals. After an ore body has been found it is possible for a company to invest large sums of money on pre-production expenses such as designing the mine and procuring the necessary supplies to produce for a long time.
The cost of exploration and development should be evaluated against the future revenue potential since it can take many years until the mineral resource can be made into an operating mine. Many companies have joined forces with larger corporations who are able to finance projects with high costs to make them operational as part of this joint venture. The advantage of junior exploration firms is that they can concentrate on exploration at an early stage while partnering with larger companies that are capable of financing later-stage development activities.
The success of mineral exploration firms usually depends on their ability to raise equity or secure project financing from mining giants and/or financial institutions. This kind of capital source is vital for junior exploration companies because it is able to provide the funds needed to advance a project through the early stages of development and exploration.
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If an economic ore body is found and pre-production expenses can be fully paid for, there is likely to occur an initial public offering or sale of shares to raise more capital for the development of an underground mine. If the company’s shares are not traded on any stock exchanges, the company could go through bankruptcy or be taken over by a company that is more interested exploration for mineral deposits.
High-quality copper deposits could be among the most desirable minerals in mining. They can generate large profits from small amounts of ore, and they are only 0.3% to 0.7 percent copper in weight.
There are two kinds of mining companies: major and junior exploration firms. They differ in the sense that the latter focus on massive, capital-intensive mining projects with resources with proven and reliable reserves (e.g. bauxite production and the production of alumina) and the latter concentrate on exploration as well as highly-risky resources (e.g. diamonds and gold).